The celebration of the centenary of the 19th Amendment in 2020 has seen the resurgence of interest in the struggles of the Suﬀragette/Suﬀragist movement. This article examines the representation of ﬁrst wave feminism in the developing world, with a focus on the Indian Subcontinent, from a postcolonial feminist perspective. As such, it critiques the colonialist perspective regarding women's movements of resistance in the developing world and links it to the critique of racism within the women's movements in the West. It discusses early feminists from India such as Tarabai Shinde whose spirited exposé of the double standards women were subjected to appeared almost a century before Simone De Beauvoir's landmark analysis and compares their movement to that of the suﬀragettes in the West. It argues too that, contrary to much of mainstream representation, Dalit feminism is a part not just of the current era of feminism but also of the ﬁrst wave in India.
Rajgopal, Shoba Sharad
"“Fiery Sparks of Change”: A Comparison between First Wave Feminists of India and the U.S.,"
Wagadu: A Journal of Transnational Women's & Gender Studies: Vol. 24:
1, Article 3.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.cortland.edu/wagadu/vol24/iss1/3