Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)


Physical Education

First Advisor

Dr. Wendy Hurley

Second Advisor

Dale Avers, DPT, PhD

Third Advisor

Dr. Carol Sames


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of knowledge of functional assessment results (KR) on self-efficacy for exercise (SEE) and physical activity behaviors (PAB) among community dwelling older adults enrolled in a community based senior exercise program. Methods: The study design was a pretest/posttest randomized groups design. Twenty-seven participants (76.25 ± 6.71 years, range 65 to 89years) were randomly assigned to a control group (n = 13; Mcontrol age = 77.38 ± 7.4 years, range 65 to 89 years) or a treatment group (n=14; Mtreatment age 75.50 = ± 6.4 years, range 66 to 85 years). Baseline measures were established for all participants using the Physical Activity Scale for Elderly (used to assess PAB), and Resnick’s 9-item Self-Efficacy for Exercise Scale (used to assess SEE). Outcome measures (PAB and SEE) were collected from both groups at baseline, 4 weeks, and 8 weeks. The treatment group received KR at baseline, 4 weeks, and 8 weeks. Comparison of PASE and SEE scores between groups was made using one-way ANOVA. MANOVA was used to test group interactions for SEE and PASE. Results: There was no difference in PASE (p =.812) or SEE (p=.533) between groups at baseline, but both PASE and SEE scores were significantly higher for the treatment group compared to the control group at week 4 [PASE (p = .052) and SEE (p = .008)] and week 8 [PASE (p = .004) and SEE (p = .012)]. There was a significant group and SEE interaction (p < .001) with a greater change in scores from baseline to 8 weeks (Mtreatement = 8.46 vs. Mcontrol = 3.00) as well a significant PASE and group interaction (F = 26.60, p < .001, η2 = .516) with a greater change in scores (Mtreatement =36.99 vs. Mcontrol = 9.20). Conclusion: Providing older adults with KR may positively influence PAB and SEE. Future studies are needed to further examine the possible acute and long-term influences of KR on PAB and SEE.