Christina Chueiri and Christine Gildea
Learning is how organisms build and store memories in their brains to aid them in survival. This process occurs as organisms experience new stimuli. Bipalium kewense, a terrestrial planarian, has a very minimal central nervous system. The nervous system of planarians consists of only two nerve cords and two ganglion which serve as a “brain.” This species reproduces by segmenting a small piece of their posterior end as a fragment, which initially lacks most adult structures. The fragments must regenerate the head, brain, mouth, functioning digestive system, and reproductive organs. To determine where memory is stored in these terrestrial planarians, we are testing whether they can learn without a brain as fragments and retain this memory throughout adulthood. In our experiment, we will be investigating memory acquisition in headless juvenile Bipalium kewense by raising fragments on two different textured surfaces. Once the fragmented planaria begin to develop a head, one group will be placed on the treatment surface and be exposed to a negative stimulus. The planaria will be trained to avoid this surface and memory will be measured in adulthood to determine if they can distinguish between these two environments.
Alyssa Cusimano and Dana Garrison
Two bachelors of fine arts students sharing their artwork that explores themes of internal struggle and self-discovery. The presenters will explain the processes of their research-based artwork and the personal experiences of an artist that's using themselves as a source of inspiration and focus on their art. The presenters will each present images of their paintings and drawings while explaining the origins and process of creation, as well as why it is important to explore these themes.
Kindred Quilt is a stop motion animation, based on a poem I had written about a conversation I imagined having with my brother, Braden, following his death. Braden and I fought and got on each others' nerves, often, but at the end of the day, we loved each other unconditionally. With this animation, I let you in on my narrative quilt. I emphasize the attachment I have with my brother and the way our relationship has evolved after his death. I express the feeling of what it is like to be at a standstill with memories rushing past you.The mixed media aesthetic serves as a collection of symbolic objects, history, and pertinent memories of his short life. A family quilt not only celebrates family connections, it creates an artwork to be treasured and shared. In this case, my quilt is sewn in celebration of Braden and the memories of our relationship, then and now.
Matthew Ballesteros, Madison Rees, Danielle Toth, James F. Hokanson, and Bryanne N. Bellovary
Accurate heart rate (HR) measurements are key to exercise prescription. Many portable HR devices are available including the Apple watch. Resting HR from Apple series 3 watch were compared to measurements using a clinal grade Suntech Tango M2 (ST) and Vitalstream Caretaker (VS) pulse monitors. College-aged participants (N = 5) stood in the Alter G treadmill under positive pressures of 70%, 35%, and 90% body weight (BWset), respectively. Heart rates using each device were recorded at min 1, 3, and 5 for each condition. There were no significant differences in resting heart rates measured with the three devices. Average heart rates (±SD) at 70% BWset were 83±10, 82±12, 82±12; at 35% BWset were 79±8, 79±10, 81±11; and at 90% BWset were 88±11, 88±12, 89±10 for Apple, ST, and VS, respectively. All three devices measured a significant change in heart rate as a function of change in BWset (p<0.001).
Spanish Language Development and Perceptions of Undergraduate Students During Short-Term Study Abroad
The purpose of this evaluative case study is to determine how students from a 4-year medium-sized college in the northeast US who participated in a short-term study abroad program in Cuernavaca, Mexico perceived their experience as worthwhile in their education. This research seeks to answer the following questions: 1) How does short-term study abroad impact students’ perceived level of Spanish language proficiency?; 2) What are students’ thoughts about short-term study abroad with respect to their learning beyond their Spanish language development (e.g., financial investment, cultural appreciation, etc.)?; and 3) What are students’ overall perceptions of the short-term study abroad program? This research uses semi-structured interviews as well as demographic surveys as data points to inform the creation of participant profiles as well as thematic analysis. The themes that will be discussed include motivation, support, and critiques of the program.
Gender discrimination within the sport management industry is a prominent complication that has been around for seemingly forever. Whether it’s being ashamed of their femininity by a male dominated society (Hoeber and Shaw, 2003), undergoing gender stereotyping (Bower, Hums, and Grappendorf, 2015) or experiencing sexism (Hardin, Smith, Taylor and Welch, 2018), it’s clear that women have been pushed to the bottom of the sporting industry. This has an overall effect on female sport management students and their experiences throughout their time in the undergraduate program. It’s been concluded that female students are left questioning whether sport management is right for them, knowing that they’re the minority and are undermined for their credibility and knowledge (DeLuca, Mudrick and Sauder, 2018). For those who continue to persevere, it’s likely for them to adopt strategies in an attempt to overcome these barriers that are being thrown at them (Mahoney, Morris, Vooris, 2019). The purpose of this study is to dive deeper into how the awareness of gender discrimination is affecting female students’ learning experiences and their perceptions regarding their futures.
Research in applied linguistics has shown that different text types (e.g., news reportage, fiction, academic prose) are characterized by a high frequency of co‐occurring grammatical features which work together to convey the particular communicative purpose of the text type. This presentation shows how corpus‐linguistic methodology combines quantitative and qualitative analyses to determine what these grammatical features are and how they complement each other in the expression of the text type's specific communicative purpose. Awareness of such grammatical foundation of different text types is of utmost importance to language teachers and learners. The presentation closes with examples of practical applications in the teaching of writing.
The gender equity imbalance in college athletics has been an issue since the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) was formed in 1905 (Boninger, 2018). On July 1, 2021, the NCAA put together a NIL policy that all athletes across all divisions can benefit from their brands (Jessop & Sabin, 2021). The impact that NIL will bring to compensation between male and female student-athletes can compare to the impact that Title IX brought to female sports participation rates in 1972 (Staurowsky & Rhoads, 2020). The reasons deal with social media and how female student-athletes use it. Female student-athletes tend to be more active on social media resulting in large engagement numbers and a greater following which is key for brand partnerships (Titus, 2021).
This presentation will: (1) discuss name, image, and likeness (NIL); (2) explain gender equity in college athletics; (3) show examples of NIL deals for female athletes
References: Boninger, N. (2018). Antitrust and the NCAA: Sexual Equality in Collegiate Athletics as a Procompetitive Justification for NCAA Compensation Restrictions. UCLA Law Review, 65(3), 754–807 Jessop, A., & Sabin, J. (2021). The Sky Is Not Falling: Why Name, Image, and Likeness Legislation Does Not Violate Title IX and Could Narrow the Publicity Gap Between Men’s Sport and Women’s Sport Athletes. Journal of Legal Aspects of Sport, 31, 253–288 Staurowsky, E. J., & Rhoads, A. (2020). Title IX Athletics Coordinators in NCAA Division I Institutions: Roles, Responsibilities, & Potential Conflicts of Interests. Journal of Issues in Intercollegiate Athletics, 381–404 Titus, P. (2021, July 6). How female athletes and women’s sports can benefit from NIL. Tampa Bay Times. https://www.tampabay.com/sports/gators/2021/07/06/how-female-athletes-and-womens-sports-can-benefit-from-nil/
Kaleb Frierson and John Carlile
Soil biodiversity serves ecologically important roles like nutrient cycling and is used as an indicator of community disturbance. North American forests host a multitude of ecological stressors, including invasive plants, earth worms, and deer abundance. While relationships between deer and invasive species, as well as relationships between macroinvertebrates and worms have been heavily investigated, the effects of invasive plant species like Pale Swallowwort on soil biodiversity are unknown. To test our hypothesis that Pale Swallowwort affects soil biodiversity, we collected leaf litter from three state parks throughout Central New York at sites with and without the invasive plant. Samples were run through Berlese funnels to collect macroinvertebrates which were cleaned and identified in the lab. Thus far, varying diversities of invasive jumping worms, diplopods, and chilopods have been recorded and continuing morphological and statistical analyses are being performed. Identifying the ways that invasive species alter soil biodiversity is a vital step in determining appropriate conservation management strategies.
Madison Rees, Matthew Ballesteros, Danielle Toth, Erik Lind, Bryanne N. Bellovary, and James F. Hokanson
Lower body positive pressure treadmills (LBPP-TM) provide assistive body weight support to the user by forcing air into an inflatable chamber in which the user is secured. The result of this positive pressure can be experienced as a lift to the user. The degree of chamber air pressure (CAP) determines the amount of supportive lift provided with greater and lesser CAP producing more and less lift, respectively. Exercise studies consistently report lower effort perceptions with greater CAP which suggest a reduced physiological and mechanical strain on the body. What is less well known is the effect on resting perceptions of standing weight (SWP). The purpose of this investigation was to examine the perception of resting standing weight across four different weighted conditions in a LBPP-TM. Nine participants (6 female; overall age: 21.3±1.9 years) stood in a LBPP-TM under the following order of body weight set (BWset) conditions: 100%BWset, 70%BWset, 35%BWset, 90%BWset. A portable Davis Vantage weather station barometer measured CAP inside the inflatable chamber and a 10-cm visual analogue scale measured SWP. Repeated measures analysis of variance evidenced significant changes across CAP (100%BWset: 767.5±4.9 mmHg; 70%BWset: 780.0±3.0 mmHg; 35%BWset: 793.5±3.0 mmHg; 90%BWset: 776.4±7.0 mmHg; all ps ≤ 0.001) except for the 70%BWset and 90%BWset conditions (p = 0.486) and within SWP (90%BWset: 8.8±1.4 cm vs. 70%BWset: 5.8±2.9 cm, p = 0.011; and 35%BWset: 4.6±3.2 cm, p = 0.007) experimental conditions. LBPP-TMs appear to provide robust manipulations of perception across different experimental contexts. Similar to findings from exercise studies, greater CAP and its resultant lift produced significant reduced perceptions of standing weight while at rest.
A Qualitative Inquiry of the Interdisciplinary Engagement of Teacher's and Therapist's providing Virtual Services to Children with Disabilities
In this research project, my goal was to determine if using the sensory-based equipment, used in Sensory Fit Families, as a bridge helped promote interdisciplinary discussions leading to a better or more effective service delivery model. I did this research through virtual interviews and transcribing the data. I examined teachers’ and therapists’ perceptions toward interdisciplinary collaboration when delivering online (virtual) instruction to preschool-aged children with disabilities. With this, I was able to triangulate key information on relevant content, activities, and feedback that focus on a unique collaboration between Physical Education teachers, Occupational Therapists, Physical Therapists, Speech Pathologists, and Special Education teachers. The school setting for this study was at Racker Center in Cortland, NY. Through the interview questions, I retained so much valuable information and hands-on experience to share and use in my future career as an Educator.
Blood Pressure Responses during Three Unweighted Conditions in a Lower Body Positive Pressure Treadmill
Danielle Toth, Madison Rees, Matthew Ballesteros, Bryanne N. Bellovary, James F. Hokanson, and Erik Lind
During exercise, lower leg muscle activation has been shown to increase venous return, exercise cardiac output, and arterial blood pressure (BP). Here we investigate BP at rest, with an increase in lower body pressure by unweighting volunteers in a lower body positive pressure treadmill (LBPP-TM). The purpose of this study was twofold; to determine if BP changes while standing over five-minute stages in response to four conditions. Nine participants (21.3±1.8 years) stood in a LBPP-TM in the following ordered conditions: 100%BWset (no unweighting, control), 70%BWset, 35%BWset, and 90%BWset (35%BWset is the greatest unweighted condition). A SunTech® automatic BP cuff measured systolic and diastolic BP (SBP and DBP, respectively). SBP and DBP was measured once during 100%BWset and averaged over the five-minute stages during 70%BWset, 35%BWset, and 90%BWset. A portable Davis Vantage weather station inside the chamber measured chamber air pressure (CAP). Repeated measures analysis of variance evidenced significant differences in only SBP (p = 0.006) at 100%BWset (no unweighting) and 90%BWset (129±11 mmHg and 120±8 mmHg, respectively). DBP did not show any significant differences across conditions (ps > 0.091). CAP at 100%BWset (767.5±4.9 mmHg) was lower compared to 70%BWset (780.0±3.0 mmHg), 35%BWset (793.5±3.0 mmHg), and 90%BWset (776.4±7.0 mmHg) (p<0.001, p<0.001, and p=0.001, respectively). 35%BWset CAP was also higher than 70%BWset and 90%BWset (ps<0.001 for both), but 70%BWset and 90%BWset CAPs were not different (p = 0.486). The initial findings suggest a quick reduction in CAP (35%BWset to 90%BWset) may decrease SBP below starting levels at 100%BWset. Though the sample consists of healthy, young adults and there was only a 9.0 mmHg decrease in SBP, individuals who are intolerant to SBP changes or older adults may need a slower reduction in CAP from highly unweighted conditions to account for SBP changes as they return to baseline CAP.
For my research project, I have found numerous peer reviewed journals and secondary sources detailing accounts of how the sport industry is and how it has changed to become more inclusive towards women in sport. Some topics include media coverage for women and how women are portrayed in the media, the gender pay gap, Title IX, women referees and women in higher positions in professional sports. I surveyed alumni and women's lacrosse players at the Division 1 and 3 level to gain a better perspective of the state of the sport industry currently.
Altered Gametogenesis Gene Expression of the Eastern Oyster (Crassostrea virginica) in Response to Plastic Exposure
Marine plastic pollution leaches chemicals that cause detrimental effects such as reduced fecundity and feminization of males in marine species. The eastern oyster, Crassostrea virginica, is a valuable species to study the effects of plastic on sex differentiation because it is a protandric hermaphrodite that undergoes gametogenesis yearly. My objective was to investigate a potential cause of an observed female-skew in the sex ratio of first year oysters exposed to plastic by measuring differential gene expression of eight gametogenesis genes from oysters grown on plastic compared to those on shell. Plastic exposure increased the expression of genes involved in egg production for females and reduced the variation in expression for males. The results suggest plastic may be altering gene expression in a way that results in a female-skewed sex ratio as observed in plastic-exposed oysters.
Lauren Roberts and Jacqueline Santaniello
Lower body positive pressure (LBPP) treadmills utilize an inflatable chamber to provide a range of unweighted conditions for specific rehabilitation or training purposes. This is achieved by pumping air into the chamber, which results in a lower body lift or unweighted condition. Creating an unweighted condition for the user lessens the impact on the lower body during treadmill exercise. Yet, little is known about internal chamber air pressure changes during unweighted conditions and its effect on arterial blood pressure (BP). The purpose of this investigation was to study changes in chamber air pressure (CAP), arterial BP, and heart rate (HR) across three unweighted conditions. Participants (38 college age students, ages 18-21) stood in the LBPP treadmill chamber under positive pressures of 35%, 70%, and 90% unweighted conditions. CAP was measured using a portable Davis Vantage weather station barometer, arterial BP was measured with a SunTech® automatic BP cuff, and HR was measured using an apple watch. Measurements were recorded at the end of each 3-minute stage for each condition. Preliminary results of a pilot study show changes in average CAP during the three unweighted conditions of 767.2, 752.8, and 744.4 mm Hg, respectively. Interestingly, arterial BP remained constant despite greater chamber pressure. Average resting arterial BP for each condition was 122.5/76.5, 126/73, and 116/72.5 mm Hg at 35%, 70%, and 90% unweighted conditions, respectively. The following findings are the first to demonstrate internal chamber air pressure across different unweighted conditions.
Story-brand marketing is a customer-facing approach that places the prospective participant at the center of their own success story. This presentation will share how a student researched, developed and applied this marketing strategy to a campaign to increase awareness the Recreation Management major. The transferable marketing principles will be shared as they can be applied to a variety of initiatives, particularly for those that center on creating meaningful experiences for the participant.
STI rates are on the rise, especially among college-aged adults. Historically, there has been little research concerning LGBTQ+ couples and their communication and education regarding sexual health. To better understand this perspective, the current study utilized both self-report and observational data from five non-heterosexual couples (N=10; Mage=21.90 years, SD=2.92; 60% female; 100% White). Results showed that, on average, participants talked about sexual health related topics for 9.335 out of ten possible minutes. Afterwards, participants reported feeling comfortable discussing these topics (M=5.48, SD=0.73 on a scale from 1-6). A common theme that emerged was the lack of sexual health education for LGBTQ+ individuals. This was supported by the finding that individuals reported their main sources of education were friends (N=6), and the internet (N=5). Future research should continue to examine sexual health communication within non-heterosexual couples. Such research can help contribute to education catering to members of the LGBTQ+ community.
A question that I have for people in the African American Community is; Why is it that many friendships seem to excel but when it comes to relationship status the connection between African American men and women is hard to come by? For hundreds of years we have seen the effect of Modern-day slavery to the people in the African American Community and this is one. Most African Americans have been stuck in a mindset that we should never and will never be connected as one mentally, emotionally and physically through love in society. In this paper I will argue that Most African American men and women are great friends, but they are not the best in relationships because the healing process was not taken place within this culture; which have led most men and women of the African American Community into The Post Traumatic Slavery Disorder (PTSD).
The reason behind this presentation, was to unravel the possibilities in why relationships are not seeming to work out in the African American/ Black Community. The purpose was to raise awareness to get the people thinking of the why's and how's, but to also break the cycle. This has been going on since slavery and it is not because the black family wanted to its because this is what the slave master wanted to happen in the black family. As being a woman of color my goal to see more marriages and less broken homes for more generations to come.
Assessing the Associations Between Friendship Length, Friendship Quality, and Comfort Level Discussing Sexual Health
Sexual health communication has been linked to sexual health practices. Such research on communication typically studies parent-child relationships. Therefore, this study sought to test whether friendship length and friendship quality are correlated with comfort level talking about sex among same-gender and cross-gender friends. We surveyed 187 young-adults (Mage=20.10, SD=1.34; 49.2% female; 75% White). Results indicated that there is a significant positive relationship between quality of friendship and comfort level (r(184)=.39, p<.001). However, there wasn’t a significant relationship between length of friendship and comfort level (r(184)=.101, p=.169). When looking at the results in cross-gender friends, women showed a significant positive correlation between friendship quality and comfort level (r(19)=.512, p=.018), while men did not (r(19)=.150, p=.528). These results indicate that there may be a difference in comfort when discussing sexual health topics across genders.
Carolanne M.L. Clark and Safiya K. Tonico
This poster will report the results of a program evaluation for a new pilot online resource. The Study Place Project Online (TSP2 Online) is a personalized and confidential resource that aims to help students achieve their academic goals. The resource includes study tips, study locations, advice from professors, and a virtual study session. Students in psychology classes completed a brief online survey including a series of questions about the visuals and content of the pilot online resource. Final data collection and analyses will not be complete until early spring 2020, but preliminary findings suggest that TSP2 Online will be a valuable and effective academic resource.
With the current climate of the #MeToo movement on Twitter, more and more individuals are speaking out about their experiences with sexual harassment. Given the male dominant culture of college athletics, there is a need now more than ever to examine how sexual harassment is occurring within collegiate athletic organizations. This study focuses specifically on contrapower sexual harassment, a type of harassment that occurs when a superior in an organizational hierarchy experiences sexual harassment by a subordinate. An online qualitative survey was sent out via email in a nationwide population study involving all NCAA, NJCAA and NAIA college athletic leagues. The survey was designed to reveal the nature of the sexual harassment, who were the most likely perpetrators, which individuals were most likely to experience the harassment, and how these situations would later impact career and life choices as well as overall mental health.
Assessing the Differences Between Same-Gender and Cross-Gender Friendships in Sexual Health Communication
Researchers have long studied the connection between sexual health practices and sexual health communication. While current research has examined communication between same-gender friends, it is lacking between cross-gender friends. To test whether differences exist between same-gender and cross-gender friends in their frequency of communication and comfort discussing sexual health, 187 college-aged participants (Mage=20.10, SD=1.34; 49.2% female; 75% White) self-reported their experiences using a Qualtrics survey. Results from independent samples t-tests revealed that same-gender friends reported more frequent discussion of both non-sex-related issues (M=2.53, SD=.51) and sex-related issues (M=1.20, SD=.73) than cross-gender friends (M=2.30, SD=.50; M=.95, SD=.70 respectively), tnonsex(185)=-2.54, p=.012; tsex(185)=-1.98, p=.049. However, no significant differences were observed in the comfort levels between same-gender friends (M=5.46, SD=.54) and cross-gender friends (M=5.37, SD=.62) when discussing sexual health topics, t(178)=.871, p=.385. These findings illustrate the importance of understanding friendships in order to effectively promote sexual health behaviors among college populations.
Ragin Hewitt, Morgan Mrozek, and Danielle Silverman
In this presentation, we are to present our EDU315 Mock Teaching Project designed by a group of teacher candidates for an elementary school classroom (4th grade) of culturally and linguistically diverse learners. Using TPACK as the theoretical framework, we designed an integrated lesson of Social Studies and ELA. Using reliable and age-appropriate resources we guided 4th graders to explore/research southeastern Asian countries and traditions. The main components of our lesson rested on our technological content knowledge and our technological pedagogical knowledge. These specific areas of knowledge enabled us to determine what technology tools are the most appropriate for our lesson and how these tools can meaningfully be integrated into our lesson to achieve the intended goals of our lesson. We used a series of technology tools such as iMovie and StoryJumper for 4th graders to engage in the content and learn to revamp said content creatively in different digital forms.
This study focused on the application of a unique technology designed originally to supply biofeedback to dancers, but in this case was used to assist a child learning to walk while battling the effects of Cerebral Palsy. The music shoes, called “Electroskip”, utilize a biofeedback system that generates different sounds/beats/songs when an individual is walking and placing pressure on their heel or toe. The study lasted six weeks with 2 sessions per week. While the Electroskip technology was worn for each session, it was only activated every other session. Data indicated that at the end of the study the child was able to walk better based on a comparison of pre and post study scores from the Test of Gross Motor Development II (TGMD-II) evaluation instrument administered by the director of the SIMs Laboratory on campus.
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