Date of Award


Document Type

Access Controlled Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)



First Advisor

Dr. Margaret L. Arnold

Second Advisor

Dr. Lynn Anderson

Third Advisor

Dr. Sharon L. Todd


This study examined parental involvement as perceived by children and the relationship of that perception with children’s self-esteem and leisure participation. Additionally, the study examined the effects of family structure and selected socioeconomic factors on perceived parental involvement. A self-report questionnaire was administered to 66 students attending grades 5 and 7 in a rural New York school.The questionnaire contained content scales from two standardized instruments: the Parent-Child Relationship Inventory (PCRI, 1994), adapted for child respondents, and the Culture Free Self Esteem Inventories (CFSEI-3, 2002).