Due to the national movement in the 1970s to de-institutionalize individuals with disabilities, the vast majority of these children live with their families in community settings; however, the recreation opportunities for these families to participate together in community sponsored programs may be limited. There are many programs for children with disabilities, but few are designed for the entire family when one or more children have a disability. Shifting the focus from the individual with the disability to the entire family can support and enrich the intrinsic strengths that already exist in the family (Clapp & Rudolph, 1993; Dunst, Trivette, Starnes, Hamby & Gordon, 1993; Lakin, 1998; Turnbull & Turnbull, 1997), which can create pathways toward the social inclusion of the family to the greater community. Family support and community human service programs are recognizing this and beginning to recommend incorporating inclusive, family-centered recreation opportunities for the entire family into community program philosophy and practice (Dunst, et al., 1993; Lakin, 1998; Orthner, 1998). The purpose of this research was to identify the benefits and components of an inclusive family outdoor recreation program. The participating families in this study identified the programmatic components that contributed to their successful involvement.
Scholl, Kathleen; McAvoy, Leo; and Smith, John
"Benefits and Components of an Inclusive Adventure Program for Families with Children Who Have a Disability,"
Research in Outdoor Education: Vol. 5, Article 9.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.cortland.edu/reseoutded/vol5/iss1/9