Competence development in outdoor education is a complex process that is shaped by gender-role socialization, learning environments, and by individual differences. Outdoor educators need to further their understanding of this process so they can fully empower themselves and their students. Outdoor programs need to be designed to support the development of both competence in outdoor skills and a sense of competence in these skills so program participants will be able to fully participate in outdoor activities. This abstract provides an introduction to the issue of competence development and further discussion of this topic is available in Loeffler (1997).
Loeffler, T. A.
""A Sense of Competence." Re-conceptualizing Issues of Competence for Women in Outdoor Education,"
Research in Outdoor Education: Vol. 4, Article 8.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.cortland.edu/reseoutded/vol4/iss1/8