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Dr. Donna Videto
After an investigation of the health priorities in Onondaga County, research concludes that the mortality rates are generally higher when compared to New York State (New York State Department of Health, 2018). Currently, obesity and being overweight are the second leading causes of preventable deaths in the United States (New York State Department of Health, 2019e). Obesity is one chronic disease that shows higher rates in Onondaga County than New York State and the United States (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2019; New York State Department of Health, 2016b). The rate of obesity in Onondaga County is 32%, the rate in New York State is 25.5%, and the rate in the United States is 31.1 percent (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2019b; New York State Department of Health, 2016b). Obesity among older adults is a harmful health issue that the nation has been facing for the previous six years (America’s Health Rankings, 2019). Causes of obesity have been linked to a poor diet and a lack of physical activity (New York State Department of Health, 2019b). The research for obesity among adults aged 50 years and older will focus on the behavior factors of poor nutrition and an environmental factor of community accessibility for physical activity. A plan for an intervention to decrease the rate of obesity among older adults aged 50 years old and older living in Onondaga County has been developed and the Social Cognitive Theory will be used as a guide for this intervention.
Obesity, Onondaga County, nutrition, exercise, Social Cognitive theory
Community Health and Preventive Medicine